Maynard Smith , John

Maynard Smith , John
(1920–) British biologist
Maynard Smith was educated at Cambridge University, where he qualified as an engineer in 1941. He spent the next six years designing aircraft before deciding they were “noisy and old-fashioned” and moving to University College, London, to study zoology under J.B.S. Haldane. After obtaining his BSc in zoology in 1951 he remained as a lecturer in zoology until 1965 when he was appointed professor of biology at the University of Sussex. He became emeritus professor in 1985.
Maynard Smith, known to a wide public for his lucid Theory of Evolution (1958), has emerged as one of the leading theorists of the postwar years. Much influenced by W.D. Hamilton and Robert MacArthur, and using concepts taken from the theory of games formulated by John von Neumann in the 1940s, he introduced in the 1970s the idea of an evolutionary stable strategy (ESS).
Assuming that two animals are in conflict, then an ESS is one that, if adopted by the majority of the population, prevents the invasion of a mutant strategy. Stable strategies by definition thus tend to be mixed strategies.
Much of Maynard Smith's work on ESS was published in hisMathematical Ideas in Biology (1968). He also discussed why sexual modes of reproduction predominate over other means inThe Evolution of Sex (1978). Maynard Smith has continued to write on evolutionary theory in such works as Evolutionary Genetics (1989) and The Major Transitions of Evolution (1995).

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Maynard Smith, John — ▪ 2005       British evolutionary biologist (b. Jan. 6, 1920, London, Eng. d. April 19, 2004, Lewes, East Sussex, Eng.), was renowned for explaining evolutionary strategies, especially the origin of sex, by means of the mathematical theory of… …   Universalium

  • Maynard Smith — John Maynard Smith mit seiner Frau Sheila John Maynard Smith [ˈdʒɒn ˈmeɪnəd ˈsmɪθ] (* 6. Januar 1920 in London; † 19. April 2004 in Lewes, East Sussex) war ein englischer Theoretis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • John Maynard Smith — Maynard Smith redirects here. For other persons, see Maynard Smith (disambiguation). For other people named John Smith, see John Smith (disambiguation). John Maynard Smith Born 6 January 1920(1920 01 06) London, England …   Wikipedia

  • John Maynard Smith — [ˈdʒɒn ˈmeɪnəd ˈsmɪθ] (* 6. Januar 1920 in London; † 19. April 2004 in Lewes, East Sussex) war ein englischer Theoretischer Biologe, der auf dem Gebiet der Evolutionären Spieltheorie, einem mathematisch geprägten Bereich der Evolutionsbiologie,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Maynard Smith — Nacimiento 6 de enero de 1920 Londres, Inglaterra Fallecimiento 19 de abril de 2004 (84 años) Lewes, East Sussex, Inglaterra Nacionalidad …   Wikipedia Español

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  • John Maynard Smith Prize — The John Maynard Smith Prize is a prize given by the European Society for Evolutionary Biology on odd years to an outstanding young researcher. It was first awarded in 1997 and is named after the evolutionary biologist John Maynard Smith (1920… …   Wikipedia

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