- Mantell , Gideon Algernon
- (1790–1852) British geologistThe son of a shoemaker from Lewes in Sussex, Mantell was apprenticed to a local surgeon and set up in practice in Lewes in 1812. As the area around Lewes, the South Downs, is rich in Cretaceous deposits, fossil hunting was something of a local pastime and Mantell began collecting fossils in his schooldays.His interest grew and in 1822, in the area known as the Tillgate Forest, he made his most important find – a large tooth with a worn smooth surface. It obviously belonged to a large herbivore and initially reminded Mantell of an elephant's tooth. However, mammals were unknown in the Cretaceous while reptiles, which were common, did not masticate food. Baffled by his find, Mantell sent his tooth to the great Baron Cuvier in Paris for identification. But Cuvier's judgment that it was the upper incisor of a rhinoceros Mantell knew to be nonsense. He continued to search for an answer and eventually in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons he found a smaller but identical tooth belonging to the South American iguana. The tooth, he concluded, came from a lizard after all, a giant toothed lizard he namedIguanadon (iguana tooth).In 1834 an Iguanadon skeleton was discovered in a Maidstone quarry. Mantell bought the remains for £25 to make, as the joke went, “a famous Mantel-piece.” Mantell also discovered, in 1832, the first armored dinosaur, Hylaeosaurus.Mantell described his work in his 67 books and memoirs. The best known of these are the once widely read The Geology of South East England (1833) and The Wonders of Geology (1838). His private life, however, fared less well. He moved to Brighton in 1835 in search of patronage and a more affluent practice. He failed on both accounts and sold his vast collection of fossils to the British Museum in 1838 for £4000. Abandoned by his wife and children, he moved to London in 1839, spending most of his time lecturing and writing on geology. He died from an overdose of opium taken to relieve persistent back pain.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
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Mantell, Gideon Algernon — ▪ British paleontologist born Feb. 3, 1790, Lewes, Sussex, Eng. died Nov. 10, 1852, London British physician, geologist, and paleontologist, who discovered four of the five genera of dinosaurs known during his time. Mantell studied the… … Universalium
Gideon Algernon Mantell — Gideon Mantell Gideon Mantell Gideon Algernon Mantell (3 février 1790 10 novembre 1852) est un obstétricien, géologue et paléontologiste britannique. Il découvre le premier … Wikipédia en Français
Gideon Algernon Mantell — noun English geologist remembered as the first person to recognize that dinosaurs were reptiles (1790 1852) • Syn: ↑Mantell • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geologist … Useful english dictionary
Gideon Mantell — 1790 1852 Born 3 February 1790(1790 02 03) Lewes, Sussex, England Die … Wikipedia
Gideon Mantell — Gideon Algernon Mantell (3 février 1790 10 novembre 1852) est un obstétricien, géologue et paléontologiste britannique. Il découvre le premier fossile identifié comme provenant d un … Wikipédia en Français
Mantell — Mantell, Gideon Algernon von, s. Mant … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Gideon Mantell — Gideon A. Mantell (1790 1852) Gideon Algernon Mantell (* 3. Februar 1790 in Lewes, Sussex, England; † 10. November 1852 in Clapham, London) war ein englischer Arzt, Geologe und Paläontologe, dem zugeschrieben wird, als erste … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gideon Mantell — 1790 1852 Gideon Algernon Mantell (3 de febrero de 1790 – 10 de noviembre de 1852) fue un obstetra, naturalista, geólogo y paleontólogo inglés. Su fama proviene de haber descubierto el primer fósil de un dinosaurio reconocido como tal: se trató… … Wikipedia Español
Mantell — noun English geologist remembered as the first person to recognize that dinosaurs were reptiles (1790 1852) • Syn: ↑Gideon Algernon Mantell • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geologist … Useful english dictionary
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