Khorana , Har Gobind

Khorana , Har Gobind
(1922–1993) Indian–American chemist
Khorana, who was born at Raipur (now in Pakistan), gained his BSc (1943) and MSc (1945) from the University of Punjab. He then traveled to Liverpool University to work for his doctorate. On receiving his PhD in 1948, he did two years postdoctoral research in Switzerland before taking up a Nuffield Fellowship at Cambridge University. There he worked with Alexander Todd, who fired his interest in nucleic acid research – the field in which Khorana later made his name.
Shortly after Khorana joined Wisconsin University in 1960 he became interested in unraveling the genetic code. He synthesized each of the 64 nucleotide triplets that make up the code, and for this work received the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1968, sharing the award with Marshall Nirenberg and Robert Holley.
Khorana's next major achievement came in 1970, when he announced the synthesis of the first artificial gene. The same year he moved to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where, by 1976, his team had made a second gene, which (unlike the first) was capable of functioning in a living cell. Such work has far-reaching possibilities, bringing scientists a step nearer to understanding gene action. The future could see artificial genes being used to make valuable proteins (e.g., insulin) and perhaps to cure human hereditary diseases.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Khorana,Har Gobind — Kho·ra·na (kō räʹnə), Har Gobind. Born 1922. Indian born American biochemist. He shared a 1968 Nobel Prize for the study of genetic codes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Khorana, Har Gobind — born Jan. 9, 1922, Raipur, India Indian born U.S. biochemist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Liverpool and later taught in Canada and the U.S., from 1970 at MIT. He shared a 1968 Nobel Prize with Marshall Warren Nirenberg and Robert …   Universalium

  • Khorana, Har Gobind — (n. 9 ene. 1922, Raipur, India). Bioquímico estadounidense nacido en India. Obtuvo su Ph.D. en la Universidad de Liverpool. Más tarde fue docente en Canadá y EE.UU., y desde 1970 en el MIT. En 1968 compartió el Premio Nobel con Marshall Warren… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Har Gobind Khorana — Infobox Scientist name = Har Gobind Khorana caption = Har Gobind Khorana birth date = birth date and age|1922|1|9 birth place =Raipur, Multan, Punjab, British India residence= U.S. nationality=U.S. field = Molecular Biology work institution =… …   Wikipedia

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  • Har Gobind Khorana — est un biologiste indien, né le 9 janvier 1922 à Raipur en Inde et mort le 9 novembre 2011. De famille pauvre et de mère analphabète, il fait sa première année d école en plein air au bord du désert du Ràjasthàn. À l aide de bourses, il obtient… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Har Gobind Khorana — Die Nobelpreisträger des Jahres 1968: ganz links Khorana, daneben von links nach rechts Robert Holley, Luis W. Alvarez, Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Lars Onsager, und Kawabata Yasunari Har Gobind Khorana (* wahrscheinlich 9. Januar 1922 in Raipur,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1968: Robert William Holley — Har Gobind Khorana — Marshall Warren Nirenberg —   Die drei amerikanischen Wissenschaftler erhielten den Nobelpreis für »ihre Interpretation des genetischen Codes und dessen Funktion bei der Proteinsynthese«.    Biografien   Robert William Holley, * Urbana (Illinois) 28. 1. 1922, ✝ Los Gatos… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Khorana — Har Gobind …   Scientists

  • Gobind Khorana — Har Gobind Khorana Har Gobind Khorana (* 9. Januar 1922 in Raipur, Punjab (im heute pakistanischen Teil)) ist ein indisch US amerikanischer Molekularbiologe und Nobelpreisträger. Khorana gelang 1970 als erstem die künstliche Synthese eines Gens.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia