Kastler , Alfred

Kastler , Alfred
(1902–1984) French physicist
Kastler, who was born in Gebweiler (now Guebwiller in France), was educated at the Ecole Normale Supérieure. He then taught at the University of Bordeaux where he became professor of physics in 1938. He moved to the University of Paris in 1941 where he remained until his retirement in 1972.
He worked on double-resonance techniques of spectroscopy, using absorption by both optical and radiofrequency radiation to study energy levels in atoms. He also introduced the technique known as ‘optical pumping’ – a method of exciting atoms to a different energy state. In practical terms Kastler's work led to new frequency standards and new methods for the measurement of weak magnetic fields. Kastler received the 1966 Nobel Prize for physics for his work on double resonance.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Kastler, Alfred — (1902 1984)    physicist, Nobel laureate    Alfred Kastler, who was born in Guebwiller, alsace, developed methods that used light to manipulate and study the energy level of electrons. He studied at the École normale supérieure in Paris, where he …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Kastler, Alfred — ▪ French physicist born May 3, 1902, Guebwiller, Ger. [now in France] died Jan. 7, 1984, Bandol, France  French physicist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1966 for his discovery and development of methods for observing Hertzian resonances… …   Universalium

  • Kastler, Alfred — ► (1902 84) Físico francés. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1966, por el descubrimiento de métodos ópticos para observar resonancias hertzianas en átomos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kastler — Kastler, Alfred …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfred Kastler — en 1966 Naissance 3 mai 1902 Guebwiller (France) Décès 7 janvier 1984 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Kastler — Gedicht Alfred Kastler (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kastler — Alfred Kastler Alfred Kastler Alfred Kastler Naissance 3 mai 1902 Guebwiller (France) Décès 7  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Kastler — Retrato de 1966. Nacimiento 3 de mayo de 1902 Guebwiller Fallecimiento 7 de enero de 1984 …   Wikipedia Español

  • KASTLER (A.) — KASTLER ALFRED (1902 1984) Physicien français, né à Guebwiller (Alsace) et mort à Bandol. Professeur à l’université de Paris et à l’École normale supérieure, Alfred Kastler a obtenu le prix Nobel en 1966 pour «la découverte et le développement de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kastler — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alfred Kastler (1902–1984), deutsch französischer Physiker Daniel Kastler (* 1926), französischer Physiker Hans Kastler (* 1931), österreichischer Bildhauer Martin Kastler (* 1974), deutscher Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia