Hodgkin , Dorothy Crowfoot

Hodgkin , Dorothy Crowfoot
(1910–1994) British chemist
Born Dorothy Crowfoot in Cairo, Egypt, she was educated at Somerville College, Oxford. After a brief period as a postgraduate student at Cambridge University, she returned to Oxford in 1934 and spent her entire academic career there. She served as Wolfson Research Professor of the Royal Society from 1960 until 1977.
Hodgkin had the good fortune to fall under the influence of the inspiring and scientifically imaginative physicist J.D. Bernal at Cambridge. Bernal was keen to use the technique of x-ray diffraction analysis, introduced by Max von Laue in 1912, to investigate important complex organic molecules. He gathered around him a group of enthusiastic scientists to work out the appropriate techniques. Of the Bernal group, Hodgkin was probably the most talented; she also possessed a greater single mindedness than Bernal himself and, despite the demands of three young children and a busy political life, it was her persistence and talent that produced some of the first great successes of x-ray analysis.
Her first major result came in 1949 when, with Charles Bunn, she published the three-dimensional structure of penicillin. This was followed by the structure of vitamin B12 (by 1956) and, in 1969, that of insulin. For her work on vitamin B12 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1964.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot — ▪ British chemist Introduction née  Dorothy Mary Crowfoot   born May 12, 1910, Cairo, Egypt died July 29, 1994, Shipston on Stour, Warwickshire, Eng.  English chemist whose determination of the structure of penicillin and 12 (vitamin B12) brought …   Universalium

  • Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot — ► (1910 94) Científica británica. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1964 por sus descubrimientos en la determinación de las estructuras de ciertas sustancias bioquímicas, esp. la penicilina, mediante la exploración con rayos X …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin — OM, geborene Dorothy Mary Crowfoot (* 12. Mai 1910 in Kairo; † 29. Juli 1994 in Shipston on Stour, England) war eine britische Biochemikerin. Für ihre Analyse der Struktur des Vitamins B12 erhielt sie 1964 den Nobelpreis für Chemie. 1987 wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin — Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, (12 mai 1910 29 juillet 1994) est une chimiste britannique. Elle est une pionnière de la diffractométrie de rayons X, méthode de cristallographie permettant de déterminer la géométrie en trois dimensions de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin (El Cairo, Imperio Británico 1910 Shiptons on Stour, Inglaterra 1994) fue una química y profesora universitaria inglesa galardonada con el Premio Nobel de Química del año 1964. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hodgkin,Dorothy Mary Crowfoot — Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot. 1910 1994. Egyptian born British chemist. She won a 1964 Nobel Prize for determining the structure of compounds needed in combating pernicious anemia. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin — Infobox Scientist name = Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin imagesize = 180px caption = Dorothy Hodgkin with a ball stick representation of insulin birth date = May 12, 1910 birth place = Cairo, Egypt death date = death date and age|1994|07|29|1910|05|12… …   Wikipedia

  • Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin — Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, (12 de mayo, 1910 – 29 de julio, 1994) fue una científica británica, nacida Dorothy Mary Crowfoot en el El Cairo. Fue pionera en la técnica de cristalografía de rayos X, un método usado para determinar las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot — ▪ 1995       British chemist (b. May 12, 1910, Cairo, Egypt d. July 29, 1994, Shipston on Stour, Warwickshire, England), won the 1964 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for her work in determining the atomic structure of vitamin B12 and other important… …   Universalium

  • Hodgkin, Dorothy M(ary) — orig. Dorothy Mary Crowfoot born May 12, 1910, Cairo, Egypt died July 29, 1994, Shipston on Stour, Warwickshire, Eng. English chemist. After studying at Oxford and Cambridge, she went to work at Oxford. From 1942 to 1949 she worked on a… …   Universalium