Hinshelwood , Sir Cyril Norman

Hinshelwood , Sir Cyril Norman
(1897–1967) British chemist
Hinshelwood, a Londoner, was educated at Oxford University, where he was elected to a fellowship in 1920 and obtained his doctorate in 1924. In 1937 he became Dr. Lee's Professor of Chemistry at Oxford. He retired in 1964 when he moved to Imperial College, London, as a senior research fellow.
Hinshelwood worked mainly in the field of chemical reaction kinetics. He produced a major text on the subject, The Kinetics of Chemical Change in Gaseous Systems (1926) and, in 1956, shared the Nobel Prize for chemistry with Nicolay Semenov for his work. He later applied his work to a relatively new field in his book, The Chemical Kinetics of the Bacterial Cell (1954).
In some papers published earlier, in 1950, Hinshelwood came very close to the true meaning of DNA, established by Jim Watson and Francis Crick three years later. He declared that in the synthesis of protein the nucleic acid guides the order in which the various amino acids are laid down. Little attention was paid to Hinshelwood's proposal at the time although Crick later declared it to be the first serious suggestion of how DNA might work.
Hinshelwood was a linguist and classical scholar as well as a scientist; he had the unique distinction of serving as president of both the Royal Society (1955–60) and the Classical Association. He was knighted in 1948.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Hinshelwood,Sir Cyril Norman — Hin·shel·wood (hĭnʹshəl wo͝od , chəl ), Sir Cyril Norman. 1897 1967. British chemist. He shared a 1956 Nobel Prize for research on the kinetics of chemical reactions. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hinshelwood, Sir Cyril Norman — ▪ British chemist born June 19, 1897, London, Eng. died Oct. 9, 1967, London       British chemist who worked on reaction rates and reaction mechanisms, particularly that of the combination of hydrogen and oxygen to form water, one of the most… …   Universalium

  • Hinshelwood, sir Cyril Norman — ► (1897 1967) Químico británico. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1956, compartido con N. Semënov, por sus trabajos sobre los mecanismos de las reacciones químicas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cyril Norman Hinshelwood — Born June 19, 1897(1897 06 19) London, England Died October 9, 1967(1967 10 09 …   Wikipedia

  • Cyril Norman Hinshelwood — Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood (* 19. Juni 1897 in London; † 9. Oktober 1967) war ein britischer Chemiker. Leben und Werk Hinshelwood studierte an der Westminster City School und später an der Universität Oxford, wo er auch promovierte. Während des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cyril Norman Hinshelwood — Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood OM FRS (19 juin 1897 9 octobre 1967) était un physicien chimiste anglais. Il est colauréat avec Nikolaï Semionov du prix Nobel de chimie de 1956[1]. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cyril Norman Hinshelwood — Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood (19 de junio de 1897, Londres (Inglaterra) – † 9 de octubre de 1967, íd.) fue un químico inglés galardonado Premio Nobel de Química del año 1956. Biografía De pequeño se trasladó con su familia a Canadá, pero en 1905… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cyril Norman Hinshelwood — Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood fue un químico inglés, nació y murió en Londres. Estudió en la Universidad de Oxford, donde enseñó desde 1937. Sus exhaustivas investigaciones de las diversas combinaciones del hidrógeno y el oxígeno le valieron el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chemienobelpreis 1956: Cyril Norman Hinshelwood — Nikolaj Nikolajewitsch Semjonow —   Der Brite Hinshelwood und der Russe Semjonow erhielten den Nobelpreis für ihre Forschungen über die Mechanismen chemischer Reaktionen.    Biografien   Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, * London 19. 6. 1897, ✝ London 9. 10. 1967; ab 1937 Professor… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hinshelwood — Sir Cyril Norman …   Scientists