Gajdusek , Daniel Carleton

Gajdusek , Daniel Carleton
(1923–) American virologist
Gajdusek was born at Yonkers in New York and educated at the University of Rochester and at Harvard, where he obtained his MD in 1946. He specialized in pediatrics, working at Harvard, the Pasteur Institute in Teheran, and the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute for Medical Research in Melbourne, before joining the National Institute of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, in 1958. Since 1970 he has been with the National Institute of Neurological Diseases.
In 1963 he made an intriguing discovery that could well have profound consequences for the control of a number of serious but little-understood diseases. In the 1950s he began studying the Fore people of New Guinea, a supposedly cannibalistic tribe who suffered from a very localized neurological complaint they called ‘kuru’. With the aid of the district medical officer, who first drew his attention to the disease, Gajdusek spent much of the next ten years among the Fore looking for the cause of kuru. He suspected the disease was transmitted by the Fore custom of ritually eating parts of the brain of their deceased relatives so he collected samples from the brains of several kuru victims.
Failing to detect any obvious signs of an organism in the brain tissue he injected filtered extracts into the brains of chimpanzees and waited. After about 12 months the disease at last appeared. This was the first of what were known as ‘slow virus infections’ to be observed in humans. By 1968 Gajdusek and his colleagues had shown that kuru was not unique and that the rare neurological complaint Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a presenile dementia, is transmitted after a comparable delay.
For his work on kuru Gajdusek shared the 1976 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Baruch Blumberg. The prize itself he used to set up a trust for the education of the Fore people. Gajdusek, who is unmarried, has also adopted 16 boys while on his expeditions to the Pacific, and is bringing them up in America.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gajdusek, Daniel Carleton — ► (n. 1923) Médico estadounidense de origen húngaro. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1976, compartido con B. S. Blumberg, por sus trabajos sobre virología …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gajdusek, D. Carleton — ▪ American physician in full  Daniel Carleton Gajdusek   born Sept. 9, 1923, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S.   found dead Dec. 12, 2008, Tromsø, Nor.       American physician and medical researcher, corecipient (with Baruch S. Blumberg (Blumberg, Baruch S.)) …   Universalium

  • Daniel Carleton Gajdusek — Gajdusek in 1997 Born September 9, 1923(1923 09 09) Yonkers, New York …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel Carleton Gajdusek — (* 9. September 1923 in Yonkers, New York; † 12. Dezember 2008 in Tromsø, Norwegen) war ein US amerikanischer Virologe und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Forschungsthemen 2 Privates …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daniel Carleton Gajdusek — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Daniel Carleton Gajdusek (1923, Nueva York 2008, Tromsø, Noruega). Inicialmente estudió Química y Matemáticas en la Universidad de Rochester, posteriormente Medicina en la Universidad Harvard. Amplió sus estudios de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Daniel Carleton Gajdusek — Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, né le 9 septembre 1923 à New York et mort le 11 décembre 2008 à Tromso en Norvège[1] est un médecin pédiatre américain, d origine slovaque par son père et hongroise par sa mère. Biographie Dans les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Daniel Carleton Gajdusek — n. (born 1923) US virologist who worked in the United States and in Iran and Australia studying infectious diseases, winner of 1976 Nobel prize for medicine or physiology together with Baruch Samuel Blumberg …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1976: Baruch Samuel Blumberg — Daniel Carleton Gajdusek —   Die beiden Amerikaner erhielten den Nobelpreis für die Entdeckung »neuer Mechanismen bei der Entstehung und Verbreitung von Infektionskrankheiten«.    Biografien   Baruch S. Blumberg, * New York 28. 7. 1925; 1957 Promotion in Biochemie an der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gajdusek — Daniel Carleton …   Scientists

  • Gajdusek — Gajdusek, Daniel Carleton …   Enciclopedia Universal