Stanley , Wendell Meredith

Stanley , Wendell Meredith
(1904–1971) American biochemist
Stanley, who was born in Ridgeville, Indiana, gained his doctorate in chemistry from the University of Illinois in 1929 and then traveled to Munich to work on sterols. On his return to America he joined the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in Princeton, New Jersey, where he began research with the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV).
Stanley was impressed by John Northrop's success in crystallizing proteins and applied Northrop's techniques to his extracts of TMV. By 1935 he had obtained thin rodlike crystals of the virus and demonstrated that TMV still retained its infectivity after crystallization. Initially this achievement met with skepticism from many scientists who had thought viruses were similar to conventional living organisms and thus incapable of existence in a crystalline form. In 1946 Stanley's research was recognized by the award of the Nobel Prize for chemistry, which he shared with Northrop and with James Sumner, who had crystallized the first enzyme.
During World War II Stanley worked on isolating the influenza virus and prepared a vaccine against it. From 1946 until his death he was director of the virus research laboratory at the University of California.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Stanley,Wendell Meredith — Stanley, Wendell Meredith. 1904 1971. American biochemist. He shared a 1946 Nobel Prize for discovering methods of producing pure enzymes and virus proteins. * * * …   Universalium

  • Stanley, Wendell Meredith — ► (1904 71) Químico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1946, compartido con J. H. Northrop y J. B. Sumner, por sus trabajos de preparación de enzimas e investigaciones sobre virus. * * * (16 ago. 1904, Ridgeville, Ind., EE.UU.–15 jun …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stanley, Wendell Meredith — born Aug. 16, 1904, Ridgeville, Ind., U.S. died June 15, 1971, Salamanca, Spain U.S. biochemist. He taught at the University of California at Berkeley from 1948 until his death. He is known for his work in the purification and crystallization of… …   Universalium

  • Wendell Meredith Stanley — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Stanley. Wendell Meredith Stanley (16 août 1904 à Ridgeville, Indiana, États Unis 15 juin 1971) était un biochimiste et virologue américain, co lauréat avec John Howard Northrop de la moitié du prix Nobel de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wendell Meredith Stanley — Wendell Meredith Stanley, 1961 Wendell Meredith Stanley (* 16. August 1904 in Ridgeville, Indiana; † 15. Juni 1971 in Salamanca, Spanien) war ein US amerikanischer Chemiker. Stanley gelang erstmals de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wendell Meredith Stanley — (Ridgeville, Indiana, Estados Unidos, 16 de agosto de 1904 Salamanca, España, 15 de junio de 1971) fue un químico, bioquímico y profesor universitario norteamericano galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química en el año 1946. Biografía Nació el 16 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wendell Meredith Stanley — Infobox Scientist name = Wendell Meredith Stanley image size = 180px birth date = birth date|1904|8|16 birth place = Ridgeville, Indiana, USA death date = death date and age|1971|6|15|1904|8|16 death place = Salamanca, Spain nationality = United… …   Wikipedia

  • Chemienobelpreis 1946: James Batcheller Sumner — John Howard Northrop — Wendell Meredith Stanley —   Der Nobelpreis für Chemie 1946 ging an drei Amerikaner; Sumner erhielt ihn für die Entdeckung der Kristallisierbarkeit von Enzymen, Northrop und Stanley für ihre Darstellung von Enzymen und Virusproteinen in reiner Form.    Biografien   James… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Stanley — Wendell Meredith …   Scientists

  • Wendell M. Stanley — Wendell Meredith Stanley Wendell Meredith Stanley (16 août 1904 15 juin 1971) était un biochimiste et virologue américain, lauréat en 1946 du prix Nobel de chimie. Stanley est né à Ridgeville dans l Indiana. Il effectue ses études de chimie à l… …   Wikipédia en Français