Natta , Giulio

Natta , Giulio
(1903–1979) Italian chemist
Natta, who was born at Imperia in Italy, was educated at the Milan Polytechnic Institute where he obtained his doctorate in chemical engineering in 1924. He was professor at the University of Pavia (1933–35), the University of Rome (1935–37), and the University of Turin (1937–38). Natta returned to Milan in 1939 as professor of industrial chemistry. In 1963 he became the first Italian to be awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry, which he shared with Karl Ziegler for their development of Ziegler–Natta catalysts.
Natta's early work was on x-ray crystallography and on catalysis. In 1938 he began to organize research in Italy for the production of synthetic rubbers – work that led him on to his discoveries in polymer chemistry. Ziegler in 1953 had introduced catalysts for polymerizing ethene (ethylene) to polyethene (polythene) – these catalysts gave straight-chain polymers producing a superior form of polyethene. Natta applied these catalysts (and later improved catalysts) to propene (CH3CHCH2) to form polypropene. In 1954 he showed that polymers could be formed with regular structures with respect to the arrangement of the side groups (CH3–) along the chain. These so-called stereospecific polymers had useful physical properties (strength, heat resistance, etc.). Natta extended the technique to the polymerization of other molecules.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Natta, Giulio — (1903–1979)    Born in Imperia near Genoa, Giulio Natta was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963 and was the long time director of the department of industrial chemistry at Milan’s Politecnico University. Natta’s work in the field of… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Natta, Giulio — ▪ Italian chemist born Feb. 26, 1903, Imperia, near Genoa, Italy died May 2, 1979, Bergamo       Italian chemist who contributed to the development of high polymers useful in the manufacture of films, plastics, fibres, and synthetic rubber. Along …   Universalium

  • Natta,Giulio — Nat·ta (näʹtä), Giulio. 1903 1979. Italian chemist. He shared a 1963 Nobel Prize for research on polymers. * * * …   Universalium

  • Natta, Giulio — ► (1903 79) Químico italiano. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1963, compartido con Karl Ziegler, por sus trabajos sobre polímeros …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Natta — Natta, Giulio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • NATTA (G.) — NATTA GIULIO (1903 1979) Chimiste italien né à Imperia, près de Gênes, et mort à Bergame. Après avoir fait des études d’ingénieur chimiste à l’institut polytechnique de Milan, Giulio Natta enseigne la chimie physique, générale et industrielle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Giulio Natta — Infobox Scientist name = Giulio Natta image width = caption = Giulio Natta birth date = February 26 1903 birth place = Imperia, Italy nationality = Italy death date = death date and age|1979|5|2|1903|2|26 death place = Bergamo, Italy field =… …   Wikipedia

  • Giulio Natta — (* 26. Februar 1903 in Imperia; † 2. Mai 1979 in Bergamo) war ein italienischer Chemiker. Leben und Werk Natta studierte Chemie Ingenieurwesen am Polytechnikum Mailand, wo er 1927 promovierte. Ab 1933 war er für zwei Jahre Professor an der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giulio Natta — (26 février 1903 à Imperia, Italie 2 mai 1979 à Bergame, Italie) était un chimiste italien. Karl Ziegler et lui sont colauréats du prix Nobel de chimie de 1963 pour leurs travaux sur les polymères[1]. Il est le seul Italien,… …   Wikipédia en Français